How You Can Prepare For A DNA Paternity Test

Aside from major cases of surrogacy, the issue is not the same with the father that makes many families resort to DNA paternity tests. An estimate of 15% of children has been said to identify the wrong man as their father. However, many people would argue that a man does not have to be the biological father to be considered as “dad.”

What exactly is a paternity testing?

This procedure is used to identify the biological relationship between man and child. The method is performed using a cotton swab as a painless way to collect a DNA sample. As all human beings have a high level of similarities in their genetic codes, the codes between a father and child is proven to be close.

DNA paternity testing will compare the markers and regions that vary between individuals. This can determine how closely two humans are related by how similar the genetic codes can relate.

What to Consider

The main thing to consider before you take the paternity test is to determine what is best for the child at hand. Consider how the results may affect the family relationships. If the child is older, they might have already developed a close friendship with the man that has been displayed as their father.

If the test is not court-ordered, consider the issues surrounding the consent for a paternity test. Individuals must provide consent for their DNA sample to be tested. If the child is under the age of 16, they must be given consent by someone responsible on their behalf.

Different Type of Paternity Tests

There are two methods of tests available. You can undergo the legal paternity test or the home paternity test.

The home test is used for personal reasons in privacy as the samples are taken by the individuals in their home with the results being sent back to them. While home tests are verified by the government accredited body, there is no independent witness; therefore the results cannot be used in court.

The legal DNA test is used for a court order to help determine the appropriate support and custody hearing. The DNA paternity test is sent to the registered nurse or Doctor who will collect the sample and check for a valid ID and two passport photos. The physician will secure the tested samples and results will be used in court.

What Happens in the Results?

The conclusion of the paternity test will be placed into two categories. The man is either removed as the biological father because they are not biologically related, or the man is not considered as the child’s biological father.

The test is highly reliable at 99.9999% as the test does not analyze the entire system of the Human Genome. If the procedure did, it would be both costly and time-consuming.

Conclusion

The results of the DNA paternity test can be an earth-shattering event for the parties involved. Be sure to give it a great deal of consideration before the test is needed to be used.

Infographic by: legal-dna-testing.com

5 health effects of having cocaine regularly

Cocaine is an illegal and very addictive drug. People take cocaine as it’s a very strong stimulant; it boosts your mood, gives you a ‘high feeling’, relieves stress, etc. However, these ‘good feelings’ last for a very short time. Cocaine has both short term and long term health effects. Here are the major health effects caused by the use of cocaine.

1. Depression


Right after all those good feelings you get by taking cocaine, you will feel depressed. Restlessness, paranoia, etc. are experienced due to increased exposure to cocaine.

2. Loss of senses


If cocaine is taken regularly, you can lose your sense of smell. You will find it hard to swallow and feel irritation in the nasal area.

3. Cause damage to lungs and other organs


If you smoke crack cocaine, it will damage your lungs. You can have severe asthma also. It can also affect your gastrointestinal tract and cardiovascular system as well. People who take cocaine have higher risks of stroke.

4. Can cause HIV


Frequent use of cocaine can increase your chance of having HIV infection. It also replicates the HIV virus. Symptoms of NeuroAIDS are seen on frequent cocaine users. These include movement problems, memory loss, vision impairment, etc.

5. Cause severe brain damage


Frequent cocaine users cannot often lose touch with reality. They experience auditory hallucinations. They slowly lose the ability to make sound decisions in their lives.

When people become addicted to cocaine, they get involved in various illegal or anti-social activities to fulfill their urge for the drug. They often trade sex for cocaine or share needles with others. So, the chances of getting infected by diseases like HIV increases. Cocaine destroys life. Parents and friends of a cocaine addict must help the addicted person to get out of this terrible addiction.

4 common myths about drug testing you should know about

Millions of people around the world have to undergo drug testing every year. Most people have some misconceptions about drug testing. Here are the common myths about drug testing that you must be aware of.

1. Drinking lots of water makes it hard to detect the presence of drug

When you drink lots of water, it dilutes your urine. It also dilutes the levels of creatinine. However, employers and the authorities are aware of this; so, when they find diluted levels of creatinine in the urine, they go for more extensive testing for a drug.

2. Vigorous exercise before drug testing won’t be able to determine drug presence

Exercise, heavy diet and detox can help to pass the drug test if you can follow this routine for several weeks before the test. But in the case of surprise drug tests, it won’t work.

3. Some homemade remedies can help you pass the drug test

You might find various home made remedies on the Internet to help you pass the drug test. These include cranberry juice, jello, some vitamins, etc. But this is not true.

4. Urine tests are the only tests used in determining presence of drug

Urine test is the most common form of drug testing. But it doesn’t mean that it is the only test used. There are saliva test, hair test, blood test and even perspiration test. Hair tests are very effective as they can test the presence of drug back to 90 days. This test is hard to cheat.

Many employees have to go through drug testing before joining a company. Depending on false information can affect their job and even personal lives. So, knowing the right information about drug testing is very important.

5 methods of drug testing that employers use today

Drug testing before and during employment has become very common today. Throughout the years, drug testing technology has improved. Now the testing results can be accurately interpreted. Here are the best methods of drug testing available today.

Urine drug testing

It is the most common form of drug testing. Analytical methods like immunoassays, gas spectrometry, mass spectrometry and thin layer chromatography are used. These are very simple techniques of drug testing. However, it is difficult to find out the levels of drug that are present in the urine. For certain drugs, you may also get false results.

Saliva testing

It is a very popular type of drug testing. It can get accurate results if you have used drug very recently. For example, it can detect drugs that you have taken a few hours ago.

Hair testing

When drug metabolites get inside the scalp’s blood vessels, they get filtered by the hair and remains there. So, if you test hair, you can find the presence of the drug. However, this type of drug testing cannot determine the recent use of the drug. It takes a long time to do the test and it is expensive as well. So, most employers don’t prefer this method of drug testing.

Blood testing

It is a very invasive and expensive method of drug testing. It can detect the presence of drugs very accurately. You can determine the level of drug as well. But this type of testing is used less often because of the expense.

Perspiration testing

It is a new form of drug testing. A sweat patch is used to do the test that needs to be affixed to the skin for 14 days. This type of drug testing is often used when employees are on probation.

All these tests are done in the workplace to test whether employees have taken drug or not. These tests can determine the presence of illegal drugs like marijuana, cocaine, opiates, PCP, and others.

Infographic by: www.americanscreeningcorp.com